Policy and Procedure
Accountability: The City and CDP will ensure that all allegations of
officer misconduct, whether internally discovered or alleged by a civilian, are
fully, fairly, and efficiently investigated; that all investigative findings
are supported by a preponderance of the evidence and documented in writing; and
that all officers who commit misconduct are held accountable pursuant to a
disciplinary system that is fair, consistent, and provides due process.
Policing Committees: The five committees (representing each police
district) tasked with working in cooperation with the City of Cleveland
Community Relations Board, the CPC, and the CDP to ‘identify strategies to
address crime and safety issues in their District.’ (Source: Cleveland
Police Monitoring Team: First Semiannual Report)
Professional Standards: The City agency responsible for the intake and
investigation of civilian complaints on police misconduct. (Source: Consent
Policing: Policing that is accomplished without the selective enforcement
or non-enforcement of the law, including the selection or rejection of
particular policing tactics or strategies, based on the subject’s membership in
a demographic category. (Source: Consent
Rights: A civil right is an enforceable right or privilege, which if
interfered with by another gives rise to an action for injury. Examples of
civil rights are freedom of speech, press, and assembly; the right to vote;
freedom from involuntary servitude; and the right to equality in public places.
Discrimination occurs when the civil rights of an individual are denied or
interfered with because of their membership in a particular group or class.
University Law School)
Intervention Training (CIT): CDP will provide training on responding to
individuals in crisis to all of its officers and recruits. Each CDP officer
will receive 8 hours of CIT and annual in-service training thereafter. All new
recruits will receive 16 hours of CIT. Officers specializing in CIT will
receive 40+ hours of this training. (Source: Consent
Use of Force
For all definitions related to use of force, please see the Use
of Force Definitions draft.
The following are some key definitions related to this
policy, which can be found in the above document:
Means the following actions by an officer: any physical strike, (e.g., punches,
kicks), any intentional contact with an instrument, or any physical contact
that restricts movement of a subject. The term includes, but is not limited to,
the use of firearms, electronic control weapon (CEW – e.g. Taser), ASP,
chemical spray, hard empty hands, or the taking of a subject to the ground.
Reportable force does not include escorting or handcuffing a subject, with no
more than minimal resistance.
Force: Is any action that is likely to cause or does cause death or serious
physical harm. It may involve firearms, but also includes any force or
instrument of force (e.g. vehicle, edged weapon) capable of causing death or
serious physical harm. Deadly force includes firing at or in the direction of a
subject, head and/or neck strikes with any hard object, and any action that
restricts the blood or oxygen flow through the neck.
Is the process of taking action to stabilize the situation and reduce the
immediacy and level of a threat so that more time, options, and resources are
available to resolve the situation and gain voluntary compliance. De-escalation
techniques may include, but are not limited to, gathering information about the
incident, assessing the risks, verbal persuasion, advisements and warnings, and
tactical de-escalation techniques, such as slowing down the pace of the
incident, waiting out subjects, creating distance (reactionary gap) between the
officer and the threat, repositioning, and requesting additional resources
(e.g., specialized CIT officers or negotiators).
Officers will use physical force only when no reasonably effective alternative
appears to exist, and only then to the degree which is reasonable to effect a
To be proportional, the level of force applied must reflect the totality of
circumstances surrounding the immediate situation, including the presence of an
imminent danger to officers or others. Officers must rely on training,
experience, and assessment of the situation to decide an appropriate level of
force to be applied. Proportional force does not require officers to use the
same type or amount of force as the subject. The more immediate the threat and
the more likely that the threat will result in death or serious physical
injury, the greater level of force that may be proportional, objectively
reasonable, and necessary to counter it.
- See also:
Nations Code of Conduct for Law Enforcement Officials
Community Outreach and Engagement
and Problem-Oriented Policing: A policing philosophy that promotes and
relies on collaborative partnerships between law enforcement agencies and the
individuals and organizations they serve to develop solutions to problems,
increase trust in police, and improve the effectiveness of policing efforts.